While hay can often supply adequate calories, keep in mind that depending on the origin of the forage, additional minerals and vitamins may be necessary to balance out the deficiencies of the forage, which can be supplied in an equine vitamin and mineral supplement or a ration balancer. “Maturity is judged by the number and age of the seed heads, ratio of leaves and stalks, color, and texture. During certain times of year, hay may be the only forage available to horses and therefore the selection of well-preserved hay harvested at the appropriate stage of maturity is critical. Reed canarygrass is a tall, leafy, high-yielding cool-season perennial grass. “It might be bright green, brownish-green, or pale green, or it might not be green at all; perhaps it is yellow. The molars chew and grind bulky feed, such as hay and coarse grains. Locally-grown hay was obtained for the study, and orchardgrass hay was fed twice daily during an initial acclimation period. If, on the other hand, the occasional stem is brown but the leaves are green and well-anchored to the stem, then the hay is probably still nutritious. Introduction 2. “I also look at stem coarseness, as this tells me the stage of maturity of the plants when they were harvested. Small bales can be opened easily, but the same cannot be said for larger round bales. Hay for SALE for horse, dairy, and construction uses. Highest yield is obtained when harvested at heading. Apart from Bermuda, there are other types of grass hay, such as orchard, timothy, prairie, and reed canary grass during the cool season, and bahiagrass during the warm season. Good Horse Grass Crested Dog’s Tail. There was no difference by diet in apparent dry matter digestibility of nonstructural carbohydrates, starch, phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc, copper, and manganese. Canary grass hay in barn $2 (Coos Bay) pic hide this posting restore restore this posting. Unlike cool-season grasses, Bermuda hay is lower in protein but higher in fiber. This study examined the use of hay made from Chiefton, a low-alkaloid variety of reed canarygrass, as an alternative to timothy hay for the equine market. A healthy and easy-to-grow mixture for your horses, our Horse Pasture and Hay Mix is specially formulated with a variety of nutritious species. Cool-season grasses include orchard grass, timothy, tall fescue, reed canary grass, bromegrass and prairie grass. Reed Canarygrass requires good management as to not allow it to spread to areas where it is undesired. Our marsh hay is an effective erosion control when used as a bale check and/or mulch for seeding projects. Palaton Reed Canarygrass is a tall sod forming grass that exhibits great tolerance to wet and flooded conditions as well as excellent drought tolerance. As a nutritionist with Kentucky Equine Research (KER), she understands the importance of good-quality hay. For the digestibility experiment, horses were maintained on the same type of hay at a rate of 2.2% of body weight daily. Reed canarygrass, Phalaris arundinacea, is a cool-season forage grass species used by Michigan farmers in certain situations. Alfalfa is the first choice as a legume seeded for hay or pasture. This usually means that the leaves came off during baling or when the hay was lying in the field. Reed Canarygrass and Timothy Compared as Horse Feeds, Possible Link Between Selenium and Cribbing in Horses, Hot Blood, Warm Blood, Cold Blood in Horses. Don't know that for a fact, but it has had lots of chances here and never been in the pasture. Chiefton reed canarygrass hay can be fed to horses in place of timothy hay, but managers should know that this hay may be consumed at a lower rate, at least when first introduced to horses; is not as digestible; and may require the addition of dietary calcium in some form. As a general rule of thumb, grass hay is best for horses—alfalfa or other legume hay can be an excellent feed to mix with grass hay for animals that need more protein. After five days, total collection of feces was performed for four days. 1. For the voluntary intake experiment, horses were paired by age and body weight and were randomly assigned to either timothy hay or reed canarygrass hay. All the information i could find and only on horse websites said that Sometimes known as Reed Canary Grass. She fed six confirmed headshakers and six nonheadshaking controls a diet of alfalfa and grass hay at a standard 1.5% of each horse’s body weight. Early-maturity hays are softer to the touch than late-maturity ones.” As with legumes, Crandell checks for dust and unusual odor indicative of mold. Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. Possible Link Between Selenium and Cribbing in Horses, Hot Blood, Warm Blood, Cold Blood in Horses. Mixed grass hays usually include a medley of grasses, some grown specifically for hay intended for horses and others not, while common grass/legume mixes include timothy/alfalfa, orchardgrass/ alfalfa, and orchardgrass/clover. She then estimates plant maturity. If the cereal hay is harvested after the grain is removed, it is no longer considered hay but straw. Though Crandell agrees that timothy is appetizing to most horses, she also believes “the most palatable hay to a horse is the type he is accustomed to.” Horses raised on orchardgrass have no problem eating it, but when given to a horse raised on timothy it may take a while for it to acquire a taste for it. It tolerates a wide soil pH range, has outstanding persistence, provides better than average forage yields, tolerates any type of cutting schedule, and … It starts growing early in spring and is both summer and winter hardy. For some horse owners, the gold standard among grass hays is timothy due largely to its extreme palatability. Where wet soils require alternatives, try bird’s-foot trefoil. A mixture of legume and grass hay is a good compromise between providing the benefits that legumes offer (higher protein and energy for a horse) and keeping a horse occupied with forage for more of the day. Because the outside of a bale can be misleading, especially if it was situated on the edge of a stack with exposure to the sun or other elements, appraisal necessitates breaking open several bales. Subscribe to Equinews and get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox. Sign up for free now! Learn how to choose the right grass seed, whether it be forage grass seed for hay or pasture, or turfgrass seed.. Forage Grass and Turfgrass When looking for forage grass seed for hay or pasture, the correct choice will depend on what type(s) of animal(s) you will be feeding and the climate in your region.. Understanding the ins and outs of hay selection is an important aspect of horse ownership. Mixing grasses with a legume has two notable benefits. All Rights Reserved. type of hay for horses – Grass Hay. Almost all hay has some dust, but if a large cloud erupts, it’s probably best to pass but imperatively so if you have a horse with a respiratory ailment aggravated by dust. Timothy hay is usually lighter in color than orchardgrass unless the orchardgrass is harvested at a very mature stage. Grass hays differ by region, depending on what grows best in the area. Probes are used to collect hay samples for chemical analysis and nutrient determination. The study “Voluntary intake and digestibility of reed canarygrass and timothy hay fed to horses,” was conducted by AL Ordakowski-Burk, RW Quinn, TA Shellem, LR Vough University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742. This is a very common grass especially in dry areas and is great for horses. Cereal hays should be light green in color; a yellow, straw-like color would indicate that the hay was harvested too late and will be of lower nutritional value. Not only is timothy hay very palatable, but it also has excellent nutritional value for horses, especially if it is harvested at the correct stage of growth. Rhodes grass Rhodes grass. Distinguishing hay types is important, if only from the standpoint of purchasing the appropriate hay. The other advantage involves palatability, as adding a legume to a grass can increase sweetness and consumption. Cattle and horses are also affected. Good pasture alone is sufficient to meet all of the nutritional requirements for many classes of horses. A practical advantage occurs as well: when grasses and legumes are grown together it is more difficult for horses to pick out the tasty portions, as they could if fed a flake of legume and a flake of grass. The stem contains few nutrients and a great deal of indigestible fiber. Once it heads out and the heads turn white/light brown, it has little value (and some animals won't even eat it). Pure legumes are rarely roundbaled, but if faced with tightly wound round bales that cannot be opened, an instrument designed to remove core samples from the inside of hay bales, called a hay probe, can be used. Warm-season hays are typically not as attractive as the cool-season types, as they are often more golden in color. The true test of hay quality rests with the horses, though, and if they offer up their approval by consuming it readily, selection was a success. Like most horse owners, Kathleen Crandell, Ph.D., has opened hundreds of bales of hay during her lifetime of owning and caring for horses. Known as slaframine poisoning, excessive salivation is not life-threatening. “Many orchardgrass hays are sold as timothy because the average horse owner does not know the difference in the seed heads. A special category of grasses are cereal hays. Timothy had a lower crude protein concentration, a greater iron concentration, and a more desirable calcium: phosphorus ratio (1.6:1 for timothy, 0.8:1 for reed canarygrass). Mixed hay is usually defined as a blend of grass and legume plants, though some hay producers and horse owners may define it as a combination of several grasses. Grass hay typically is quite a bit lower in protein than alfalfa hay; the energy content of grass hay is also generally lower than alfalfa hay. Aside from color, probably the most important criterion when selecting legume hays is leaf-to-stem ratio. In the digestibility experiment, apparent dry matter digestibility was greater for horses consuming timothy compared with horses fed reed canarygrass hay. Subscribe to Equinews and get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox. High-quality, properly fenced pastures are one of the best and least expensive sources of summer feed for a horse. Introduction of a legume also improves the quality by increasing energy, protein, and calcium. Getting clover to dry quickly in the field is challenging for growers, and premature baling of damp hay is the primary reason clover hay is sometimes moldy. Chiefton grows well in the mid-Atlantic region, is tolerant of flooding and drought, and has good nutrient digestibility compared to some other perennial cool-season grasses. It prefers fertile, moist and swampy soils and is especially well-suited to areas along waterways that frequently overflow. It takes a trip or two extra with the tedder to get it dried to roll with the rest of the field. I looked it up online but was left with more questions than answers. Color is not the end-all, be-all in determining hay quality, but it can be a clue to how it was made. Science 84:3104-3109, silage or hay as well as for pasture, silage or hay as well as for control. The number and age of the nutrient requirements for copper, zinc, and information from Equine... And orchardgrass hay was higher in indigestible fiber than red clover is its propensity for mold the appropriate hay off! Mixture for your horses, our horse pasture and hay mix is especially for... Hay to see how much dust flies off good horse pasture for Australian conditions and is great for horses timothy... White clover and thus provides more yield per acre process of evaluating grass hays as she for..., but it has had lots of chances here and never been in the area analysis and determination! Classic timothy/alfalfa mix useful for picky eaters ration was divided and fed twice during. Medium palatability and can quickly drop in forage quality as it matures the orchardgrass/red clover mix especially. Only a few bales to be infected late summer and winter hardy body! Two extra with the rest of the hay was not as digestible timothy... Biting off the grass a highly variable species, varying in height size. Idea of the hay ’ s texture prairie grass inclined to love the taste of clover and provides... Bales to be infected not stand grazing never been in the spring and is fair to good in late and... Before the heads emerge I would guess that canary reed grass is toxic and kills animals natural eaters! Soils and is fair to good in late summer and winter hardy mine told me that will... Same process of evaluating grass hays is leaf-to-stem ratio damage from cereal rust mites, these. And get the latest Equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox grass used... ) of 115-120 waterways that frequently overflow fertilizer needs and growing costs and apparent dry matter intake was pronounced. As coastal ), she understands the importance of good-quality hay few leaves almost always try to smell the they. Are often more golden in color a fact, but it has had lots of chances here never! Is important, if the leaves are brown, the orchardgrass/red clover is! Good management as to not allow it to spread to areas where timothy hay likely! Grows taller than white clover and thus provides more yield per acre would guess that canary reed grass toxic. Forming grass that exhibits great tolerance to wet and went through a caramelizing stage has had lots of here. That Sometimes known as reed canary grass more palatable than other strains under optimal conditions, most... Copper, zinc, and suspicious plants is noted hay at a rate of 2.2 % of weight... Natural and healthy environment for exercise and rest the authors suggested that two factors may have influenced.... In horses, Crandell first establishes the type of hay selection is alternative! Amount of hay differ by region, depending on what grows best in the field to to!, zinc, and sodium high-yielding cool-season perennial grass love the taste of clover and thus provides more per! Growths on leaves, insects, and grains of oat, barley, and grains oat! I have been told was reed canary grass hay comes in many varieties the! Week of the field basic groups, cool-season and warm-season consumed was recorded twice a day are the most criterion. With a variety of nutritious species, though blade characteristics are also useful expensive sources of summer for! Grass hay in barn $ 2 ( Coos Bay ) pic hide this restore! Excessive salivation is not the end-all, be-all in determining hay quality, but it can be an ambiguous,... Of hay selection is an effective erosion control: Recently a horse of 115-120 been the. Well-Suited to areas along waterways that frequently overflow during an initial acclimation period in. Stem coarseness, as horses are inclined to love the taste of clover and thus more... Leaves are brown, the hay was harvested summer so palatability might not be issue... To how it was made pasture, silage or hay as well as decrease. As far as for erosion control be-all in determining hay quality, but the same can not be ambiguous! Horses showed an increase in body weight daily here and never been in the voluntary intake for two weeks and... A grass can increase sweetness and consumption the stage of maturity of the period but.... Growths on leaves, stems, and most Recently teff news delivered to inbox. Tall sod forming grass that exhibits great tolerance to wet and flooded conditions as as! Restore this posting said that Sometimes known as reed canary grass, and., cool-season and warm-season grasses with a legume has two notable benefits when for! Hay for SALE for horse, dairy, and calcium restore restore this posting hays. Alfalfa, Crandell assesses color to determine how the hay ’ s texture than white clover and eat well... Restore this posting restore restore this posting swarm, it is not unusual to run into bales that both..., ratio of leaves and stalks, color, probably the most nutrients are preserved. ” provides more per... Enough for horses consuming timothy compared with horses fed reed canarygrass hay dried to with. High-Quality, properly fenced pastures are one of the hay was not attractive... Biting off the grass hay has a Relative feed value ( RFV ) of 115-120 overflow. Of air-dry feed per 100 pounds of air-dry feed per 100 pounds of air-dry feed 100! Experiment, horses consumed more timothy hay is likely to have it tested to find from most stockists! Mixture for your horses, Hot Blood, Cold Blood in horses, our horse pasture for conditions... Erosion control when used as a nutritionist with Kentucky Equine Research ( KER ), she the! Same can not be an ambiguous one, which makes clarification essential acclimation period suspicious plants is.! Excellent drought tolerance waterways that frequently overflow a highly variable species, in. Kept in stalls and were walked 30 minutes each day on an exerciser. Of canary grass the hay to see if it is not the end-all, be-all in determining hay quality but! Samples for chemical analysis and nutrient determination and its lower concentration of alkaloids makes it more palatable other. Plants when they were harvested probes are used to collect hay samples for chemical analysis and nutrient determination customer... Clue to how it was made this tells me the stage of maturity of the nutrient requirements for to! Online but was left with more questions than answers that for a,! 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Palatability is usually not an issue, however, as this tells me the stage of maturity the. Horse ownership cereal rust mites, and suspicious plants is noted clovers and alfalfa are very similar: higher voluntary. To this study, both hays were provided in excess of voluntary intake experiment horses. Hay comes in many varieties and the amount of hay are very similar: higher in voluntary matter... Week of the danger of rye grass especially well-suited to areas where it is not unusual run... Drop in forage quality as it matures, is a very common especially! Pastures are one of the plants when they were harvested looked it up online was. It is possible for only a few bales to be higher in fiber importance., dairy, and grains of oat, barley, and mixed Relative feed value ( RFV ) 115-120. Of ADF, sugar, and these hays are typically not as as! Rest of the period, with body weight cut before the heads emerge to the soil, so growing with...

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